The City of Neelyville is located on State Highway 142 and County Road EE in Butler County. City hall is at Hwy. 142 and Park Street in the downtown area. Fire protection is provided by twenty volunteers. City policy is made by a four-member city council. The Ozark Foothills Regional Planning Commission helps to coordinate economic development for Neelyville.
Mayor Kevin Bynum reports that, according to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 483 residents. Per capita income for Butler County, in 2010, was $19,291.
Ozark Border Electric Cooperative, headquartered in Poplar Bluff, MO, provides electric power for Neelyville, and Spire is the city's natural gas provider. The City of Neelyville provides both sewer and water services for its residents. Windstream is the local telephone service provider, and internet service may be obtained through a local ISP in Poplar Bluff and through Windstream.
Per capita income for Butler County is $19,473. The unemployment rate of Butler County in 2015 was 9.4 percent, with an available workforce of 19,149. Only 1,792 people in Butler County are unemployed, with 17,340 having gainful employment. The average hourly wage for the county, as of 2015, was $14.90 per.
The county's major employers are Poplar Bluff Regional Medical Center with 1,200 employees; Briggs & Stratton Corporation which employs 760 to manufacture internal combustion engines; Gates Rubber Company, whose 550 employees manufacture radiator hoses; Poplar Bluff Schools employing 720; V.A. Medical Center with 580 employees; and Wal-Mart with 500 associates.
Neelyville students stay in town for their education, from elementary to high school. The nearest public community college, Three Rivers College, is located in Poplar Bluff and boasts an annual enrollment of 3,226. Poplar Bluff Technical Career Center is a popular choice for area youngsters. Arkansas State University, a public four-year college located in Jonesboro, AR, is the nearest higher learning facility. Fall, 2011, enrollment for the university was 14,085 students.
US Highway 67 passes just outside Neelyville, and Hwy. 142 dissects the community. The Union Pacific Railroad passes through Neelyville, and Amtrak service is available in Poplar Bluff.
Poplar Bluff Municipal Airport, located just minutes away, is the nearest public airport. It has a 5,008-foot paved and lighted runway. Private aircraft storage and aviation fuel are available. The nearest commercial airport is Jonesboro Municipal Airport in Jonesboro, AR.
Neelyville citizens enjoy one public park and worship at one of the twelve churches in town. One of those churches is Catholic. The other eleven are Protestant.
Lake Wappapello is the nearest public access lake and Black River is the nearest public access river. Visitors can camp, fish, hike, boat, swim and water ski. Average temperatures for the area range from 47 degrees Fahrenheit in January to 68.3 degrees Fahrenheit in July. The average annual precipitation is 43 inches.
Neelyville residents are represented in the State House of Representatives by 152nd District Rep. Todd Richardson (R) and in the state senate by Sen. Doug Libla (R) of the 25th District. U.S. Representative Jason Smith (R) represents Neelyville in the Eighth Congressional District.